第二屆香港國際聾人電影節 - 前言
The Second Hong Kong International Deaf Film Festival - Foreword

美國黑人解放運動中出現的一位重要人物馬丁路德金曾經說過:「我有一個夢想。」聾人也有夢想:夢想一個沒有歧視的理想世界,可以讓他們完成自我的理想世界。第二屆香港國際聾人電影節的口號是:「聾人創夢想,電影放異彩。」電影節用上這個口號是因為我們很希望聾人能夠透過第六藝術 「 電影 」 這個夢工場全面地表達自己。

 

在 1880 年,第二屆國際聾人教育大會 ( 即所謂米蘭大會 ) 的健聽代表通過了一項提案,就是聾人教育的方向,是以口語為依歸。即是說,在課室裡面,作為聾人第一語言的手語全面被禁止。因而在整整的一個世紀,聾人遭受到語言和文化上的種族滅絕。與此同時,「聾」被視為一種無可能醫治的病態,聾童的教育就是要求他們學講學聽並放棄手語。 2010 年是聾人教育的轉捩點:在温哥華舉行的第二十一屆國際聾人教育大會不再禁止在聾人教育採用手語,並為當年的决定道歉。今天在聾校和聾人的教育,改運用手語或者雙語制。然而因為一直以來聾校都只着重口語和聽覺的訓練,一般都未能為聾童提供真正的全人教育。聾童沒有優質藝術教育,阻礙聾人去夢想和創新。他們許多時候也未能透過夢想 - 電影藝術來訴說他們的經歷。

 

用大階 D 的 Deaf 和小階 d 的 deaf 有很不同的意義。用大階 D 的 Deaf 是指用手語作為語言的一個充滿自己的文化而又自豪的社群。用小階 d 的 deaf 是一個病理學的名詞,聾或聽覺不佳是要醫治的。用大階 D 的 Deaf 是小階 d 的 deaf 的夢想吧!

 

在過去十年,聾人電影節在世界各地相繼出現。這些電影節上映世界各地超卓的聾人製作的電影,其中最著名的有英國 Wolvehampton 的 Deaffest. ,北美華盛頓的 WORLDEAF Cinema Festival, Rochester Deaf Film Fes t ival ,多倫多國際聾人電影節。在歐洲則有巴黎的 Clin d'oeil ,米蘭的國際聾人電影節,瑞典斯德哥爾摩聾人電影節。紐西蘭亦有聾人電影節、日本新潟也有手語電影節,而在馬來西亞也出現了一個叫靜響聾人短片電影節( silentSHOUT )哩!

 

香港的聾人電影節不算是遲來者,其實香港國際聾人電影節可算是創亞洲的先河。一直以來,香港社會並無積極地鼓勵聾人的創意和藝術創作,因此香港聾人協進會、聯同香港藝術中心、香港城市大學應用社會科學系及創意媒體學院、社區文化發展中心、亞洲民眾 戲劇 節協會與及許多聾健團體在 2010 年合作舉辦了第一屆香港國際聾人電影節。

 

雖然香港的聾人電影可算是亞洲的拓荒者,但它的發展都不無阻滯。在 2011 年九月,一名失聽的電影大專學生未能找到足夠資源聘請合資格的手語翻譯員,好能讓他上課。事實上聯合國殘疾人權利公約的第三十條定立各國政府應應該鼓勵殘疾人士透過參與文化活動的實踐而成為社會公民。這包括了利用手語和無障礙電影及其他。明顯地,香港的政府還未百份百的支持公約的實踐。緊接著第一屆香港國際聾人電影節的成功,我們籌備第二屆,並督促特別行政區政府,在支持本港創意工業而沾沾自喜之餘,積極地支援香港的聾人電影。香港的聾人電影將會是香港創意工業璀璨耀目的一員。香港是聾人電影節的先驅。香港國際聾人電影節令香港的聾人社群和整體社會感到驕傲。

 

聾人電影是聾人的夢工場。請讓:

「聾人創夢想,電影放異彩。」

 

 

Freeing Black slavery in the US, African American activist Martin Luther King said, “I have a Dream!” Deaf people also have a dream. The Deaf dream of a utopia without discrimination, a utopia of self-actualization. The slogan of the Second Hong Kong International Deaf Film Festival is “Let the Deaf's Dream s Blossom with Films”. The Organizing Committee adopts this slogan because we hope our Deaf acquaintances could be able to express themselves totally through the dream factory, the sixth art – the film art.

 

In 1880, the hearing delegates of The Second International Congress on Education of the Deaf (a.k.a. The Milan Conference) passed a resolution on the education for the deaf that all deaf people should be educated orally. What it implied is that the Sign language, which is considered to be the primary language of the Deaf people, is prohibited in the classroom for the deaf. The D/deaf experienced a century of linguistic and cultural genocide. Despite the Milan resolution, d eafness is deemed to be an incurable illness and measures are taken for teaching the deaf speaking and listening instead of signing . 2010 is the turning-point year of D/deaf education. IN 2010, t he 21st International Congress on Education of the Deaf in Vancouver uplifted the ban of the Sign language in the education for the D/ deaf and apologized for the wrong 1880 decision . Nowadays e ducation professionals at the schools for the D/deaf welcome Sign language and Sign bilingualism as the medium of instruction. Since the schools for the deaf has long been focusing on oral and auditory training, many schools failed to provide a truly holistic whole person D/deaf education. Many schools do not provide quality visual art education to the D/deaf. Many D/deaf are unable to dream and innovate. Many D/deaf are unable to talk about their experience through their dream – the film art.

The Deaf is not the deaf. The “Deaf” with an initial capital letter “D” refers to the pride of being part of the culturally and linguistically vibrant community which uses the Sign languages; while the “deaf” with an initial small letter “d” medicalizes deafness/ hardness of hearing as pathology. The d eaf definitely dreams of the Deaf.

 

In the past decade, Deaf Film Festivals emerge everywhere. The Deaf Film Festivals showcase the gems of the Deaf filmmaking worldwide. Wolverhampton , UK , is the home to the Deaffest, one of the most well-established Deaf community art and film event s in the global Deaf community. In North America, there are leading Deaf film art events such as the WORLDEAF in Washington , D. C., the Deaf Rochester Film Festival, the Toronto International Deaf Film Festival, etc. In Europe, there are the Deaf in the Picture in Amsterdam , Festival Clin d'oeil i n Paris , International Cinema of the Deaf in Milan , Stockholm Deaf Film Festival in Sweden , etc. New Zealand Deaf Film Festival, Niigata Shuwaru (Sign Language) Film Festival in Japan and the Malaysian silentSHOUT Deaf Short Film Festival appears in the Asia-Pacific region.

 

Hong Kong is not a late comer to th is burgeoning art scene. Proudly, the Hong Kong International Deaf Film Festival spearheads Deaf Cinema in Asia . The society has long been undermin ing the artistic and creative force of the Deaf people. Hence the Hong Kong Association of the Deaf initiated the First Hong Kong International Deaf Film Festival with in September 2010 with partner organizations including The Hong Kong Arts Centre, Department of Applied Social Studies and School of Creative Media of City University of Hong Kong, Asia People's Theatre Festival Society, Centre for Community Cultural Development, and other local Deaf groups and organizations.

 

Although Hong Kong Deaf Cinema is a pioneer, the expanding Hong Kong Deaf Cinema is experiencing problems. In September 2011, a hard of hearing filmmaking student is unable to attend lectures at college because there are lacks of funding for hiring qualified Sign interpreters. The Article 30 of the United Nations Convention o n the Rights of Persons with Disabilities stated that the government should encourage the full exercise of the cultural citizenship of the persons with disabilities in participating cultural activities, including accessible cinema and the use of the Sign language , so on and so forth . Obviously the government has not done enough for supporting the Convention. With the successful launch of the First Hong Kong International Deaf Film Festival, we foster the Second Hong Kong International Deaf Film Festival for urging the HKSAR government, which is proud of her creative industry, to support Deaf Cinema, a new spectacle of Hong Kong creative industry. Hong Kong is the home to the pioneering Deaf Film Festival - The Hong Kong International Deaf Film Festival – the pride of the Hong Kong Deaf Community as well as the Hong Kong society.

 

Deaf Cinema is the dream factory for the Deaf. Now, please:

LET DEAF'S DREAMS BLOSSOM WITH FILMS.